It is very important that you are aware of mosquito related disease especially when travelling to mosquito populated areas 
 

 
Dengue Fever
AREA
 
 
Dengue is an acute fever caused by a virus. It occurs in two forms:
(a) Dengue Fever
(b) Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever
Dengue fever is marked by the onset of sudden high fever, severe headache and pain behind the eyes, muscles and joints.
Dengue Haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a more severe form, in which bleeding and sometimes shock occurs – leading to death. It is most serious in children. Symptoms of bleeding usually occur after 3-5 days of fever. The high fever continues for five to six days (103 – 105 OF or 39- 40 OC). It comes down on the third or the fourth day but rises again. The patient feels much discomfort and is very weak after the illness.

RECOGNITION OF DENGUE FEVER

- Sudden onset of high fever
- Severe headache (mostly in the forehead)
- Pain behind the eyes which worsens with eye movement
- Body aches and joint pains
- Nausea or vomiting

RECOGNITION OF DENGUE HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER AND SHOCK

Symptoms similar to dengue fever plus, any one of the following:

- Severe and continuous pain in abdomen
- Bleeding from the nose, mouth and gums or skin bruising
- Frequent vomiting with or without blood
- Black stools, like coal tar
- Excessive thirst (dry mouth)
- Pale, cold skin
- Restlessness

TREATMENT

There is no specific medicine for the treatment of the disease. However proper and early treatment can relieve the symptoms and prevent complications and death. Aspirin and Brufen should be avoided in dengue fever, as it is known to increase the bleeding tendency and also it increases the stomach pain. Paracetamol can be given on medical advice. If one or more signs of Dengue Haemorrhagic fever are seen, take the patient to the hospital immediately. Give fluids to drink while transferring the patient to the hospital. 
 

Malaria
 
AREA
 
Malaria is a tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. When a mosquito infected with malaria parasites (plasmodia) bites you, it injects the parasites into your body. It only takes a single mosquito bite for you to become infected.

Symptoms can develop as quickly as eight days after being bitten. However, in some cases the parasites can stay inactive in the body and symptoms may not develop for up to a year. Any type of malaria is dangerous but malaria caused by the falciparum parasite is the most serious. It can develop very rapidly and lead to severe illness and death.

When travelling to high-risk areas, be aware of the symptoms of Malaria. Symptoms of malaria usually appear 10-15 days after you are bitten. However, depending on the type of parasite you are infected with, it can take a year for symptoms to show. Symptoms of malaria are similar to flu symptoms and include:
 
- A high temperature (fever) of 38°C (100.4F) or above
- Sweats and chills
- Generally feeling unwell
- Muscle pains
- Headaches
- Cough
- Diarrhoea

With some types of malaria, fevers occur in 48-hour cycles. You feel cold at first with shivering that lasts up to an hour. You then develop a fever that lasts for two to six hours, followed by extreme sweating.

Global incidence
Malaria is a huge worldwide problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there were 243 million cases and nearly 1 million deaths from malaria in 2008. Most deaths occur in African countries close to the equator and below the Sahara desert (Sub-Saharan Africa). Many babies and children die from malaria. WHO estimates that a child dies of malaria every 30 seconds.
 
Malaria in UK travellers
Approximately 1,500 travellers return to the UK with malaria every year. In 2008, there were 1,370 cases of malaria reported and six deaths in the UK. Most of the malaria imported to the UK is caused by the falciparum parasite and is acquired in Africa. Most UK travellers who catch malaria either do not take any malaria tablets or do not take the right tablets for the part of the world they visit. It is important to visit a travel health clinic or GP surgery for prevention advice before going to an area where there is malaria.


Mosquito borne disease
 
There are a number of diseases borne by mosquitoes they are malaria, filaria, dengue, brain fever and yellow fever. Yellow fever is caused by mosquitoes in jungle areas in parts of Africa and South America.

In India, malaria, filaria and dengue are the most prevalent diseases spread by mosquitoes. Over two million cases of malaria alone are reported. Even more astonishing is the fact that India spends 100 million dollars on malaria. In spite of spending so much, the diseases continue to explode from time to time.

The mosquito borne diseases are so hard to fight as you find mosquitoes in the boardroom, in lifts, in cars, in theatres etc. That is why it is more important than ever to use Natrapatch i could save your life.

Mosquito borne diseases are prevalent in more than 100 countries, infecting 300-500 million people and causing about 1 million deaths every year. In India, more than 40 million people suffer from mosquito diseases annually.

 
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